Exposed sleeping area on street Sidewalk settlement Settlement under freeway Underpass where people sleep 3d printed example 3d printed example 3-d printed example- foldable 3D printed mesh Lasercut sliceform, no hardware Sliceform, no hardware Stacked cardboard Stacked cardboard Paper test First lantern with homemade panels Homemade panels were too fragile Solar tabs Lantern with commercial panels Covered in plastic, ready to go out

Structures for Street Sleepers
Research for this project began in August 2013, when I first visited street sleepers in Nam Cheong, Hong Kong with a group called Sunshine Action. We brought food and discussed the possibility of making a 3-D printed or laser cut portable shelter for their use, bringing some examples (pictured).

The street sleepers raised many concerns about these examples such as:
-They may draw unwanted attention to their sleeping space
-They may be stolen
-They may be viewed as unsustainable by the government(the cardboard one)
-They had their own system of moving and acquiring new shelters
-They are designed for use by one person and are not communal

Based on this, we shifted gear and decided to make something more communal: a solar powered phone charger, fitted into a lantern so that it might be less likely to be removed by the government. This process involved several tests with solar panels, (we started with raw panels for cost effectiveness but eventually purchase some pre-assembled), and with paper, folding different shapes to find a form before settling on the lantern.

Solar panels, lantern
Nam Cheong, Hong Kong
2013- present